A -rational point is a point on an Algebraic Curve, where and are in a Field .

The rational point may also be a Point at Infinity. For example, take the Elliptic Curve

and homogenize it by introducing a third variable so that each term has degree 3 as follows:

Now, find the points at infinity by setting , obtaining

Solving gives , equal to any value, and (by definition) . Despite freedom in the choice of , there is only a single Point at Infinity because the two triples (, , ), (, , ) are considered to be equivalent (or identified) only if one is a scalar multiple of the other. Here, (0, 0, 0) is not considered to be a valid point. The triples (, , 1) correspond to the ordinary points (, ), and the triples (, , 0) correspond to the Points at Infinity, usually called the Line at Infinity.

The rational points on Elliptic Curves over the Galois Field GF() are 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, ... (Sloane's A005523).

**References**

Sloane, N. J. A. Sequence
A005523/M3757
in ``An On-Line Version of the Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences.''
http://www.research.att.com/~njas/sequences/eisonline.html and Sloane, N. J. A. and Plouffe, S.
*The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences.* San Diego: Academic Press, 1995.

© 1996-9

1999-05-25